paludosus (L.) = marshy, boggy. Referring to the habitat of this species, usually in marshy places.
WCM Protologue Reference:
Pillans, Ann. Bolus Herb. 3: 142 (1922)
Vegetative parts: plants mat-Forming, 0.15–0.4 m tall, basal diameter 0.3–1 m, crown diameter 0.3–1 m, with stolons. Fertile culms bases swollen and red, branching, round (not compressed), solid or with a small central cavity, finely rugulose or finely warty or roughly warty (very variable), green, 0.15–0.4 m tall, diameter at base 0.4–1 mm, diameter at apex 0.3–0.5 mm. Clusters of sterile branches at the nodes of the fertile branches absent. Sheaths more than 1 per culm, persistent, with no abscission line, closely convoluted, 3.5–15 mm long, greenish/tan to brown with reddish-brown speckles, upper 1/3 in colour and texture similar to the lower 2/3, apical margins coriaceous, like the rest of the body, hyaline shoulders absent, apex, excluding the membranous lobes, acuminate or acute or obtuse. Sheath-mucro penicellate (almost flattened in some cases), straight and erect, 1.5–5 mm long. Males: male inflorescence with 2–5 spikelets or 6–10 spikelets, racemose or paniculate, 10–70 mm long, 4–8 mm wide. Male inflorescence spathes persistent, shorter than spikelets, coriaceous or cartilaginous. Male spathellae inconspicuous or absent. Male flowers in spikelets. Male spikelets erect on stiff pedicels or sessile, elliptical or undifferentiated, apex acute or undifferentiated, 4–7.5 mm, 0.7–1.5 mm, with 3–5 flowers, pedicels absent ie spikelets sessile or shorter than the spikelets, terete or angular or flattened. Male bracts taller than flowers, 3.5–6.5 mm long, oblong or elliptical, acute, chartaceous, bract upper margin membranous, thinner texture than the body, bract awn minute or absent. Male flower 3–5 mm long. Male tepals sepals and petals the same rigidity, chartaceous, oblong or ovate, inner and outer tepals the same length. Male outer lateral tepals conduplicate, glabrous. Anthers 1.5–2 mm long, exserted from the flowers. Females: female inflorescence interrupted or linear, 5–80 mm long, 1.5–4 mm wide, with 1 spikelet or 2–5 spikelets or 6–10 spikelets. Female spathes as long as the spikelets, persistent, coriaceous or cartilaginous. Female spathellae inconspicuous or absent. Female spikelet sessile or pedicel simple, ovate or undifferentiated, apex undifferentiated, 4–7 mm long, with 1 flowers, with 2–3 sterile bracts. Female bracts as tall as flowers or taller than flowers, erect, 3.5–5 mm long, oblong, rounded or obtuse or acute, chartaceous, apical margin membranous, paler than body of bract or same as body of bract, awn minute or absent or less than half as long as the bract body. Female flower 3.5–4.5 mm long, regular, without a fleshy pedicel, six tepals. Female tepals chartaceous, glabrous and smooth, midrib flush with the tepal body, apices acute, inner whorl shorter than outer. Female outer lateral tepals like other tepals, 3.5–4.5 mm long. Female odd outer tepal oblong or ovate, 3.5–4.5 mm long. Female inner tepals ovate, 3–4 mm long. Staminodes absent. Styles feathery, white, 2. Style bases fused to form a pillar. Ovary with 2 locules, dehiscent. Fruit: seed (1–)1.13(–1.24) mm long, (0.56–)0.67(–0.76) mm in diameter, shape in side view elliptical, shape in diameter plano-convex in cross section, brown.