Pillans, Trans. Roy. Soc. South Africa 30: 252 (1945)
Vegetative parts: plants mat-Forming or tangled, 0.2–0.4 m tall, basal diameter 0.1–1 m, crown diameter 0.1–1 m, with stolons. Fertile culms sparingly branched or branching, finely warty or roughly warty, olivaceous, 0.12–0.3 m tall, diameter at base 0.8–1.5 mm, diameter at apex 0.5–1 mm. Sheaths loosely convoluted, 5–15 mm long, shiny dark brown to grey, upper 1/3 in colour and texture abruptly different from the base, and soon decaying, apical margins narrowly membranous, hyaline shoulders tall, acute, hyaline shoulder 0.2–0.4 of sheath body length, apex, excluding the membranous lobes, truncate. Sheath-mucro penicellate, straight and erect, 1–3 mm long, upper quater of the sheaths pale, chartaceous to membranous: this includes both the rounded apical membranous lobes, and the acute portion leading to the awn. These all decay pretty rapidly, leaving a truncate coriacious portion behind. Males: male inflorescence with 1 spikelet. Male inflorescence spathes persistent, minute, coriaceous, tucked away at base of spikelet. Male flowers in spikelets. Male spikelets erect on stiff pedicels or sessile, orbicular, apex rounded, 7–10 mm, 6–9 mm, with 10–30 flowers, pedicels absent ie spikelets sessile. Male bracts as tall as flowers or taller than flowers, 3.5–4.5 mm long, square, obtuse, cartilaginous, bract upper margin with honeycombed cells, which eventually decay (and this soon decaying), bract awn minute or absent, although bracts are taller than the flowers, by the decay of the upper margins they are soon shorter. Male flower 3–3.5 mm long. Male tepals sepals more rigid than petals, cartilaginous, petals membranous, oblong, inner and outer tepals the same length. Male outer lateral tepals conduplicate, keel densely villous. Anthers 1.5–2 mm long, exserted from the flowers. Pistillode present. Females: female inflorescence with 1 spikelet. Female spathes insignificant or shorter than the spikelets, persistent, coriaceous. Female spikelet sessile, ovate or orbicular, apex rounded, 7–11 mm long, with 6–18 flowers, with 3–8 sterile bracts. Female bracts shorter than flowers or as tall as flowers, 4–5 mm long, square, obtuse, cartilaginous, apical margin with honeycombed cells (forming an abrupt margin with the coriacous body, and soon decaying, leaving a truncate bract), darker than body of bract, awn minute or absent. Female flower 3.5–4.2 mm long, without a fleshy pedicel. Female tepals cartilaginous, keels of lateral sepals densely villous, midrib flush with the tepal body, apices acute, inner and outer whorls the same length. Female outer lateral tepals conduplicate, 3.5–4 mm long. Female odd outer tepal oblong, 3.5–4.2 mm long. Female inner tepals oblong or ovate, 3–3.5 mm long. Staminodes present. Styles feathery, 3. Style bases free. Ovary with 2 locules, dehiscent. Fruit: seed 1.2–1.3 mm long, 0.9–1.3 mm in diameter, shape in side view elliptical, shape in diameter triangular in cross section (with sharp corners), brown, smooth.