montanus (L.) = found on mountains. The species is known only from the summit of Misty Point, one of the highest peaks in the Langeberg.
WCM Protologue Reference:
Esterh., Bothalia 15: 489 (1985)
Vegetative parts: plants tufted, 0.3–0.5 m tall, basal diameter 0.1–0.2 m, crown diameter 0.3–0.5 m, compact, without spreading rhizomes or stolons or with rhizomes. Rhizome very short with culms aggregated at base, 2–5 mm in diam., culms 1–5 mm apart. Fertile culms unbranched, round (not compressed) (drying uneven, sometimes even sulcate), smooth (often dries to longitudinal wrinkles), olivaceous or speckled golden, 0.3–0.5 m tall, diameter at base 0.75–1 mm, diameter at apex 0.5–1 mm. Sheaths persistent, with no abscission line, loosely convoluted, 20–30 mm long, brown or red-brown to pale-straw coloured; variously speckled, margins often a paler colour from the body, apical margins coriaceous, like the rest of the body, hyaline shoulders absent or small, rounded, hyaline shoulder 0.1–0.2 of sheath body length, apex, excluding the membranous lobes, acute. Sheath-mucro absent or penicellate or awl- or needleshaped, straight and erect, 2–5 mm long, Differing upper 1/3 of sheath straw-coloured, paler than rest of sheath; or distinctly red, darker than rest of sheath. Males: male inflorescence with 2–5 spikelets or 6–10 spikelets, racemose, 30–60 mm long, 5–15 mm wide. Male inflorescence spathes persistent, taller than spikelets (depending on what exactly a spathe is, in this species), cartilaginous, The spathes are much larger than the spikelets, completely enclose them, and contribute largely to the appearance of the plants. Male flowers in spikelets. Male spikelets erect on stiff pedicels or sessile, elliptical or ovate, apex rounded or obtuse or acute, 10–15 mm, 5 mm, with 2–6 flowers, pedicels absent ie spikelets sessile. Male bracts as tall as flowers or taller than flowers, 6–8 mm long, linear, acute, chartaceous, bract upper margin like body of bract, bract awn minute or absent, very variable in size. Male flower 5–6 mm long. Male tepals sepals and petals the same rigidity, chartaceous, oblong, inner and outer tepals the same length. Male outer lateral tepals as other tepals, glabrous. Anthers 2–3 mm long, included in the flowers. Pistillode absent. Females: female inflorescence linear or racemose, 20–40 mm long, 5–10 mm wide, with 1 spikelet or 2–5 spikelets. Female spathes longer than the spikelets, obscuring spikelet, persistent, cartilaginous. Female spikelet sessile, elliptical, apex rounded or acute, 5–7.5 mm long, with 1 flowers, with 1 sterile bracts. Female bracts shorter than flowers, erect, 2–3 mm long, oblong, rounded or apiculate, hyaline, apical margin like rest of bract, same as body of bract, awn minute or absent. Female flower 4–5 mm long, without a fleshy pedicel. Female tepals chartaceous, glabrous and smooth, at least as tall as nut, wrapped around it and obscuring the surface, midrib raised, apices rounded, inner whorl longer than outer. Female outer lateral tepals like other tepals, 3–4 mm long. Female odd outer tepal oblong or obovate, 3–4 mm long. Female inner tepals oblong or obovate, 5 mm long. Staminodes absent. Styles plumose, 2. Style bases free. Ovary with 1 locule, indehiscent. Fruit: indehiscent fruits with a hard woody ovary wall. Perianth presence on fruits persistent, membranous, as tall as nuts. Nut apex smooth, without a distinct cap, wall smooth, (3.5–)4.52(–5.08) mm long, (1.83–)2.2(–2.58) mm diam., shape in side view elliptical, shape in top view round in cross section, black. Elaiosome absent.