Rattray, G., from 1904 he was the principal of Selbourne College in East London, and collected extensively in the Eastern Cape over the next 30 years.
WCM Protologue Reference:
(Pillans) H.P.Linder, Bothalia 15: 66 (1984)
Vegetative parts: plants clumped or mat-Forming or tangled, 0.3–1 m tall, basal diameter 0.4–1 m, crown diameter 0.5–1 m, with stolons. Fertile culms unbranched or sparingly branched or branching, smooth, speckled golden, 0.3–1.2 m tall, diameter at base 1–3 mm, diameter at apex 0.5–1 mm. Sheaths persistent, with no abscission line, closely convoluted, 5–25 mm long, margins entire or ciliate, brown, apical margins broadly membranous or broadly chartaceous and soon decaying, hyaline shoulders absent, apex, excluding the membranous lobes, acuminate or acute or truncate. Sheath-mucro penicellate or hair-like (penicillate, but not small), straight and erect (thin, and variously positioned), 4–20 mm long, broad apices soon decay, initially lacerated, then lost completely. Males: male inflorescence with 2–5 spikelets or 6–10 spikelets, racemose, 15–160 mm long, 8–30 mm wide. Male inflorescence spathes persistent or caducous (usually persistent: found one caducous spathe), like the floral bracts or shorter than spikelets or as tall as spikelets or taller than spikelets, chartaceous or cartilaginous or membranous. Male flowers in spikelets. Male spikelets erect on stiff pedicels or sessile, elliptical or obovate, apex rounded or obtuse or acute, 10–25 mm, 8–20 mm, with 15–30 flowers, pedicels absent ie spikelets sessile. Male bracts taller than flowers or more than twice as tall as flowers, 8–20 mm long, oblong, acuminate, chartaceous (often only along midrib) or membranous (broad margins), bract upper margin like body of bract, bract awn minute or absent, pale with distinct dark red-brown streak down bract centre. Male flower 4–5 mm long. Male tepals sepals more rigid than petals, chartaceous or cartilaginous, petals membranous, oblong, inner and outer tepals the same length. Male outer lateral tepals conduplicate, glabrous or keel sparsely villous. Anthers 1.5–2 mm long, exserted from the flowers. Pistillode present. Females: female inflorescence linear or racemose, 15–50 mm long, 10–35 mm wide, with 1 spikelet or 2–5 spikelets. Female spathes shorter than the spikelets or as long as the spikelets or longer than the spikelets, not obscuring spikelet, persistent, chartaceous. Female spikelet sessile, elliptical or obovate, apex rounded or obtuse or acute, 10–25 mm long, with 12–20 flowers, with 1–20 sterile bracts. Female bracts taller than flowers or at least twice as long as flowers, erect, 10–20 mm long, oblong, acuminate, chartaceous (along the midrib) or cartilaginous (broad margins), apical margin like rest of bract, darker than body of bract, awn minute or absent. Female flower 3–5.5 mm long, without a fleshy pedicel. Female tepals chartaceous or cartilaginous, glabrous and smooth, at least as tall as nut, wrapped around it and obscuring the surface, midrib raised, apices rounded or acute, inner and outer whorls the same length or inner whorl shorter than outer. Female outer lateral tepals like other tepals or conduplicate, 3–5.5 mm long. Female odd outer tepal oblong or elliptical or ovate, 3–5.5 mm long. Female inner tepals oblong or elliptical, 3–5.5 mm long. Staminodes present. Styles feathery or plumose, white, 2. Style bases free. Ovary with 1 locule, indehiscent. Fruit: indehiscent fruits with a softer ovary wall. Perianth presence on fruits absent. Nut apex smooth, without a distinct cap, wall smooth (nut winged), 2.5–3 mm long, 1.7–2.3 mm diam., shape in side view elliptical, shape in top view elliptical in cross section, brown. Elaiosome absent.