Ecklon, C.F. = collected extensively in southern Africa from 1823 until 1832, much in collaboration with Drege. Separately and together they collected many new species of Restionaceae, which were described by Masters, Nees, and others.
Vegetative parts: plants mat-Forming or tangled, 0.2–0.4 m tall, basal diameter 0.05–1 m, crown diameter 0.1–1 m, with stolons. Fertile culms branching, striate (sulcate), green (generally with distinct longitudinal brown stripes), 0.2–0.4 m tall, diameter at base 0.5–1.5 mm, diameter at apex 0.1–0.5 mm. Sheaths closely convoluted or loosely convoluted, 10–20 mm long, green with longitudinal brown stripes, apical margins broadly membranous, hyaline shoulders absent or small, rounded, hyaline shoulder 0.2 of sheath body length, apex, excluding the membranous lobes, acute. Sheath-mucro hair-like, straight and erect, 4–6 mm long, distinctly sulcate. Males: male inflorescence with 2–5 spikelets or 6–10 spikelets or 11–20 spikelets, racemose, 20–150 mm long, 5–8 mm wide. Male inflorescence spathes persistent or caducous, taller than spikelets, cartilaginous, tightly convoluted. Male flowers in spikelets. Male spikelets erect on stiff pedicels or sessile, linear or elliptical, apex acute or undifferentiated, 8–15 mm, 2–4 mm, with 2–4 flowers, pedicels absent ie spikelets sessile. Male bracts taller than flowers or more than twice as tall as flowers, 8–15 mm long, oblong, acuminate, lax, cartilaginous or membranous, bract upper margin like body of bract or membranous, thinner texture than the body, bract awn minute or absent or less than half as long as the bract body, decrease in size distally along the spikelets; occasionally bearing purple pigmentation. Male flower 3–3.5 mm long. Male tepals sepals and petals the same rigidity, chartaceous, linear (setaceous), inner and outer tepals the same length. Male outer lateral tepals conduplicate or as other tepals, glabrous. Anthers 2–2.5 mm long, included in the flowers. Females: female inflorescence linear, 10–40 mm long, 3–7 mm wide, with 1 spikelet or 2–5 spikelets. Female spathes shorter than the spikelets or as long as the spikelets or longer than the spikelets, not obscuring spikelet, persistent, chartaceous or cartilaginous. Female spikelet sessile, obovate (obturbinate), apex truncate, 6–12 mm long, with 1 flowers, with 1 sterile bracts. Female bracts taller than flowers, erect or reflexed, 6–11 mm long, oblong, acuminate, cartilaginous or membranous, apical margin like rest of bract, same as body of bract or darker than body of bract, awn minute or absent or less than half as long as the bract body. Female flower 2–3 mm long, without a fleshy pedicel. Female tepals chartaceous or membranous, glabrous and smooth, at least as tall as nut, wrapped around it and obscuring the surface, midrib flush with the tepal body, margins entire, apices obtuse or acute, inner and outer whorls the same length. Female outer lateral tepals like other tepals, 1.8–3 mm long. Female odd outer tepal oblong, 1.8–3 mm long. Female inner tepals oblong, 1.8–3 mm long. Staminodes absent. Styles feathery, white, 2. Style bases free. Ovary with 1 locule, indehiscent. Fruit: indehiscent fruits with a softer ovary wall. Perianth presence on fruits persistent, membranous, as tall as nuts. Nut apex smooth, without a distinct cap, wall smooth, (1.64–)1.81(–2.08) mm long, (0.92–)1.19(–1.6) mm diam., shape in side view elliptical or ovate, shape in top view round in cross section, tan (somewhat greenish). Elaiosome absent.