Marloth, H.W.R., a chemist, who was one of South Africa's foremost natural historians. He settled in Cape Town in 1883, and was one of the first to explore the higher mountains, in the course of which he discovered many new species. His greatest impact was by thinking about plants and vegetation in a remarkably modern way, and much of his work has only recently been taken further forward.
WCM Protologue Reference:
H.P.Linder & C.R.Hardy, Bothalia 40: 24 (2010)
Vegetative parts: plants tufted, 0.4-0.7 m tall, basal diameter 0.05-0.1 m, crown diameter 0.1-0.5 m, compact, without spreading rhizomes or stolons. Fertile culms branching, smooth or finely rugulose, olivaceous, 0.4-0.7 m tall, diameter at base 1.2-3 mm, diameter at apex 0.6-1.8 mm. Sheaths loosely convoluted or flat and standing free from culm, 10-40 mm long, pale brown, apical margins coriaceous, like the rest of the body, hyaline shoulders absent, apex, excluding the membranous lobes, acute or obtuse or rounded. Sheath-mucro absent or penicellate or awl- or needleshaped, straight and erect, 2-4 mm long, the upper sheaths are often somewhat different, and may be tightly rolled around the culms. Males: male inflorescence with 6-10 spikelets or 11-20 spikelets or 21-50 spikelets, racemose or paniculate (not interrupted as in female), 20-80 mm long, 5-15 mm wide. Male inflorescence spathes persistent, shorter than spikelets, cartilaginous. Male flowers in spikelets. Male spikelets erect on stiff pedicels or sessile, oblong, apex rounded, 7-11 mm, 5-6 mm, with 6-8 flowers, pedicels absent ie spikelets sessile or shorter than the spikelets, terete or angular. Male bracts taller than flowers, 2.5-4.5 mm long, oblong or ovate, acute or apiculate, cartilaginous, bract upper margin like body of bract, bract awn minute or absent. Male flower 2-3.5 mm long. Male tepals sepals and petals the same rigidity, chartaceous, linear or oblong, inner and outer tepals the same length. Male outer lateral tepals conduplicate, keel sparsely villous. Anthers 1.4-1.5 mm long, exserted from the flowers. Females: female inflorescence interrupted or paniculate (But usually with the spikelets clustered), 30-150 mm long, 10-25 mm wide, with 2-5 spikelets or 6-10 spikelets or 11-20 spikelets or 21-50 spikelets. Female spathes shorter than the spikelets or as long as the spikelets or longer than the spikelets, not obscuring spikelet, persistent, coriaceous. Female spikelet pedicel simple or pedicel sparsely branching, oblong or elliptical, apex acute, 8-15 mm long, with 3-4 flowers, with 0-2 sterile bracts. Female bracts taller than flowers or at least twice as long as flowers, 5-8 mm long, oblong or ovate, acute or apiculate, cartilaginous, apical margin like rest of bract, same as body of bract, awn minute or absent. Female flower 2.5-3.8 mm long, without a fleshy pedicel. Female tepals chartaceous, keels of lateral sepals sparsely villous, at least as tall as nut, wrapped around it and obscuring the surface, midrib flush with the tepal body, apices rounded, inner whorl longer than outer or inner and outer whorls the same length or inner whorl shorter than outer. Female outer lateral tepals conduplicate, 2.6-3.5 mm long. Female odd outer tepal oblong or square or obovate, 2.3-3 mm long. Female inner tepals square or obovate, 2-3.5 mm long. Staminodes present (minute). Styles feathery, white or pink, 3. Style bases seated on a stylopodium. Ovary with 1 locule, indehiscent. Fruit: indehiscent fruits with a softer ovary wall. Perianth presence on fruits persistent, papery to leathery, not winged. Nut apex smooth, without a distinct cap, wall smooth, 2-3.5 mm long, 0.7-1.2 mm diam., shape in side view elliptical or oblong, shape in top view triangular in cross section, brown. Elaiosome absent.