a = not, + normalis (G) = normal. Abnormal, referring to the absence of male plants.
WCM Protologue Reference:
H.P.Linder, Bothalia 40: 26 (2010)
Vegetative parts: plants tufted, 0.15–0.25 m tall, compact, without spreading rhizomes or stolons. Fertile culms branching, round (not compressed), solid or with a small central cavity, finely rugulose or finely warty, green or olivaceous, 0.1–0.25 m tall, diameter at base 0.2–0.5 mm, diameter at apex 0.2–0.4 mm. Branch axil indumentum absent. Clusters of sterile branches at the nodes of the fertile branches absent. Sheaths more than 1 per culm, persistent, with no abscission line, closely convoluted, 5–13 mm long, margins entire, variable: greenish/olivaceaous or tan or light to darker brown, always with brown speckles and tan margins, upper 1/3 in colour and texture similar to the lower 2/3, apical margins broadly membranous, hyaline shoulders absent, apex, excluding the membranous lobes, acute. Sheath-mucro penicellate, straight and erect or recurved, 3–7 mm long. Reproductive system with only females known (at Elim) or both male and female (at De Hoop). Males: male inflorescence with 2–5 spikelets, racemose, 15–25 mm long, 2–4 mm wide. Male inflorescence spathes persistent, like the floral bracts, coriaceous. Male flowers in spikelets. Male spikelets erect on stiff pedicels or sessile, linear or elliptical, apex acute, 5–6.5 mm, 0.8–1.1 mm, with 3–5 flowers, pedicels absent ie spikelets sessile. Male bracts taller than flowers, 2–3 mm long, ovate, acute, coriaceous, bract upper margin like body of bract, bract awn less than half as long as the bract body. Male flower 2.5 mm long. Male tepals sepals and petals the same rigidity, hyaline or membranous, linear or oblong, inner and outer tepals the same length. Male outer lateral tepals conduplicate, keel densely villous. Anthers 1.25 mm long, exserted from the flowers. Females: female inflorescence interrupted or linear, 5–70 mm long, 3–5 mm wide, with 2–5 spikelets or 6–10 spikelets. Female spathes shorter than the spikelets, persistent, coriaceous or cartilaginous. Female spikelet pedicel sparsely branching, obovate (or rather triangular with the fruit sitting ar the base and the tepals flaring apart at the top), apex undifferentiated, 4–6.5 mm long, with 1 flowers, with 0 sterile bracts. Female bracts shorter than flowers, erect, 2.6–5 mm long, oblong, obtuse, cartilaginous, apical margin like rest of bract, same as body of bract, margins entire, awn minute or absent or less than half as long as the bract body. Female flower without a fleshy pedicel, with four tepals. Female tepals coriaceous or cartilaginous, glabrous and smooth, midrib flush with the tepal body, margins entire, apices acute, inner and outer whorls the same length. Female outer lateral tepals like other tepals, 3–4.5 mm long. Female odd outer tepal oblong or elliptical, 3–4.5 mm long. Female inner tepals oblong or elliptical, 3–4.5 mm long. Staminodes absent. Styles flattened, 1. Ovary with 2 locules, dehiscent. Fruit: seed (1.16–)1.27(–1.44) mm long, (0.68–)0.73(–0.8) mm in diameter, shape in side view elliptical, shape in diameter round in cross section, white, pitted.