Pillans, Trans. Roy. Soc. South Africa 16: 425 (1928)
Vegetative parts: plants clumped, 0.6–0.8 m tall. Fertile culms sparingly branched or branching, smooth, olivaceous or speckled golden, 0.6–0.8 m tall, diameter at base 2–4 mm, diameter at apex 1–1.8 mm. Sheaths closely convoluted or loosely convoluted, 20–35 mm long, yellow to brown or olivacious,, upper 1/3 in colour and texture abruptly different from the base, and soon decaying, apical margins broadly membranous, hyaline shoulders absent, apex, excluding the membranous lobes, acuminate or acute. Sheath-mucro penicellate or awl- or needleshaped, straight and erect or twisted, 3–12 mm long, awn dark brown to black. Males: male inflorescence with indefinite spikelets, Racemose or paniculate, 50–80 mm long, 10–15 mm wide. Male inflorescence spathes caducous, taller than spikelets, cartilaginous, sheath-like, loosely convoluted. Male flowers not aggregated into spikelets. Male bracts taller than flowers, 8–15 mm long, linear, acute, lax, chartaceous, bract upper margin like body of bract, bract awn minute or absent, erect or spreading, reddish. Male flower 3–4 mm long. Male tepals sepals and petals the same rigidity, chartaceous, linear, inner and outer tepals the same length. Male outer lateral tepals as other tepals, glabrous. Anthers 2–3 mm long, included in the flowers. Pistillode absent. Females: female inflorescence linear or racemose, 30–45 mm long, 15–20 mm wide, with 2–5 spikelets. Female spathes as long as the spikelets or longer than the spikelets, not obscuring spikelet, persistent or caducous, cartilaginous. Female spikelet sessile, oblong or obovate, apex truncate or rounded, 20–25 mm long, with 1 flowers, with 6–9 sterile bracts. Female bracts taller than flowers, 12–20 mm long, oblong, acute or acuminate, cartilaginous, apical margin like rest of bract, darker than body of bract, awn less than half as long as the bract body. Female flower 5–6 mm long. Female tepals membranous, glabrous and smooth, smaller than nut and not obscuring the nut surface, midrib flush with the tepal body, apices rounded, inner whorl shorter than outer. Female outer lateral tepals like other tepals, 2–2.5 mm long. Female odd outer tepal oblong or ovate, 2–2.5 mm long. Female inner tepals oblong or ovate, 1.5–2 mm long. Staminodes absent. Styles plumose, 2. Style bases free. Ovary with 1 locule, indehiscent. Fruit: indehiscent fruits with a hard woody ovary wall. Perianth presence on fruits persistent, membranous, shorter than nut. Nut apex smooth, without a distinct cap, wall pitted (very sparsely), 4.5–6.5 mm long, 4.5 mm diam., shape in side view elliptical or obovate, shape in top view round in cross section, brown or tan. Elaiosome fleshy, reddish bases - elaeiosome?.