Schlechter, R., superb orchidologist, collected extensively in South Africa at the end of the 19th Century. Although his major contribution was a new classification of orchids, he collected several new species of Restionaceae while in South Africa.
WCM Protologue Reference:
Pillans, Trans. Roy. Soc. South Africa 16: 372 (1928)
Vegetative parts: plants clumped or tufted (Often forming rings, spreading outwards with a dead, old central area), 0.2–1 m tall, basal diameter 0.05–2 m, crown diameter 0.1–2 m, with rhizomes. Rhizome spreading, unbranched or sparsely branched, culms evenly spaced or looping up, with clusters of culms on the uploops or slender, looping up to one or several culms, 2.5–3.5 mm in diam., culms 2–20 mm apart. Fertile culms unbranched, smooth or finely warty or finely rugulose, olivaceous, 0.2–1 m tall, diameter at base 1–1.8 mm, diameter at apex 0.4–1 mm. Sheaths closely convoluted, 35–70 mm long, tan, apical margins broadly chartaceous and soon decaying, hyaline shoulders absent, apex, excluding the membranous lobes, acute. Sheath-mucro absent. Males: male inflorescence with 6–10 spikelets or 11–20 spikelets, paniculate, 30–80 mm long, 15–40 mm wide. Male inflorescence spathes persistent, as tall as spikelets or taller than spikelets, chartaceous. Male flowers in spikelets. Male spikelets pendulous on flexible pedicels, oblong, apex rounded, 5–10 mm, 4–6 mm, with 14–22 flowers, pedicels shorter than the spikelets, flattened. Male bracts taller than flowers, 4.5–7 mm long, oblong or ovate (lanceolate), acute, chartaceous, bract upper margin like body of bract, bract awn minute or absent. Male flower 3–3.5 mm long. Male tepals sepals and petals the same rigidity, chartaceous or cartilaginous, oblong (lanceolate), inner and outer tepals the same length. Male outer lateral tepals conduplicate, glabrous. Anthers 1.4–1.9 mm long, included in the flowers. Pistillode absent. Females: female inflorescence racemose, 10–60 mm long, 9–20 mm wide, with 1 spikelet or 2–5 spikelets. Female spathes longer than the spikelets, not obscuring spikelet, persistent, chartaceous. Female spikelet sessile or pedicel simple, obovate or obtriangular, apex truncate or rounded, 10–25 mm long, with 5–20 flowers, with 0 sterile bracts. Female bracts taller than flowers or at least twice as long as flowers, 7–20 mm long, oblong or ovate, acute, hyaline or cartilaginous, apical margin like rest of bract, same as body of bract, awn minute or absent. Female flower 4–7 mm long, without a fleshy pedicel. Female tepals cartilaginous or membranous, glabrous and smooth, at least as tall as nut, wrapped around it and obscuring the surface, midrib flush with the tepal body, apices obtuse or acute, inner whorl shorter than outer. Female outer lateral tepals keeled or winged, wings entire, wings lateral sepals decurrent, without grooves, as wide as body or wider than body, exserted past bracts or exserted past bracts and overlapping with one another, 4–7 mm long. Female odd outer tepal oblong, 2.5–5.5 mm long. Female inner tepals oblong or ovate, 2.5–4 mm long. Staminodes absent. Styles plumose, white, 1. Ovary with 1 locule, indehiscent. Fruit: indehiscent fruits with a softer ovary wall. Perianth presence on fruits persistent, winged. Shape of winged dispersal unit orbicular or oblong, narrower than long. Nut apex smooth, without a distinct cap, wall smooth (but rough with tuberculate cells), 1.2–4 mm long, 1.2–1.8 mm diam., shape in side view elliptical or round, shape in top view elliptical in cross section, brown. Elaiosome absent.