Stokoe, T.P., climbed extensively in the Cape Mountains, from 1913 to 1959. He collected very extensively, if somewhat chaotically. He was the first collector of many species, and contributed much to our knowledge of the mountain flora, expecially that of the Hottentots Holland and Kogelberg.
WCM Protologue Reference:
Pillans, J. S. African Bot. 18: 118 (1952)
Vegetative parts: plants tufted, 0.1–0.25 m tall, basal diameter 0.1–0.5 m, crown diameter 0.2–0.5 m, compact, without spreading rhizomes or stolons. Fertile culms unbranched, round (not compressed), solid or with a small central cavity, smooth, speckled golden, 0.1–0.25 m tall, diameter at base 0.6–1 mm, diameter at apex 0.5–0.9 mm. Branch axil indumentum absent. Clusters of sterile branches at the nodes of the fertile branches absent. Sheaths more than 1 per culm, persistent, with no abscission line, loosely convoluted, 12–30 mm long, margins entire, pale brown, upper 1/3 in colour and texture similar to the lower 2/3, apical margins broadly membranous (membranous tip and margin falls off), hyaline shoulders absent, apex, excluding the membranous lobes, acuminate or acute. Sheath-mucro penicellate, straight and erect, 3 mm long. Males: male inflorescence with 1 spikelet or 2–5 spikelets, racemose, 11–25 mm long, 8–15 mm wide. Male inflorescence spathes persistent, shorter than spikelets, coriaceous or chartaceous. Male flowers in spikelets. Male spikelets erect on stiff pedicels or sessile, obovate or orbicular, all straight, apex rounded, 10–15 mm, 8–10 mm, with 10–15 flowers, pedicels shorter than the spikelets, terete or angular. Male bracts taller than flowers, 5–10 mm long, oblong or ovate, acute or acuminate, margins entire, chartaceous, bract upper margin membranous, thinner texture than the body, bract awn minute or absent, margins not crisped, by membranous and decaying. Male flower 4–4.3 mm long. Male tepals sepals more rigid than petals, chartaceous (petals membranous), petals chartaceous or membranous, oblong, inner tepals shorter than outer tepals or inner and outer tepals the same length. Male outer lateral tepals keeled or winged, glabrous. Anthers 1.8–2.25 mm long, exserted from the flowers. Pistillode present. Females: female inflorescence with 1 spikelet. Female spathes shorter than the spikelets or as long as the spikelets, persistent, chartaceous or cartilaginous. Female spathellae inconspicuous or absent. Female spikelet sessile, oblong or obovate, apex rounded, 15–20 mm long, with 6–10 flowers, with 0 sterile bracts. Female bracts at least twice as long as flowers, erect, 8–14 mm long, oblong (lanceolate and tapering bract length 8–14mm), acute or acuminate, cartilaginous, apical margin membranous (bracts in young spikelets appear lighter on edge due to membranous border and it is difficult to tell the difference between male and female spikelets. These margins break off in older flowers), paler than body of bract or same as body of bract, margins entire, awn minute or absent. Female flower 3–3.5 mm long, regular, without a fleshy pedicel, six tepals. Female tepals chartaceous, glabrous and smooth, at least as tall as nut, wrapped around it and obscuring the surface, midrib flush with the tepal body, margins entire, apices rounded or obtuse, inner and outer whorls the same length. Female outer lateral tepals keeled or winged, wings entire, narrower than body, hidden by bracts, or bracts are shorter than flowers, 2.5–3.3 mm long. Female odd outer tepal oblong, 2.5–3.3 mm long. Female inner tepals oblong, 2.5–3.3 mm long. Staminodes absent. Styles flattened, white, 1. Ovary with 1 locule, indehiscent. Fruit: indehiscent fruits with a softer ovary wall. Perianth presence on fruits persistent, winged. Shape of winged dispersal unit oblong, narrower than long. Nut apex smooth, without a distinct cap, wall smooth or wall pitted, (1.4–)1.86(–2.6) mm long, (1.2–)1.45(–1.76) mm diam., shape in side view elliptical or round or oblong, shape in top view round in cross section or elliptical in cross section, brown. Elaiosome absent.